Hugo Van Zyl is the director and lead consultant at Independent Economic Researchers. He holds a PhD in economics from the University of Cape Town and has 17 years of consulting experience. Hugo has used cost-benefit analysis and other tools in numerous economic and socio-economic assessment across a variety of sectors. He has led numerous projects in applied environmental resource economics focused on ecosystem services assessment and valuation, sustainable financing for protected areas, economic incentives for conservation and strategic environmental assessment. From a policy perspective, he has provided economic inputs and guidance to national water tariff, air pollution, biodiversity conservation, biofuels, mine closure financing and climate change policy.